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Realice consultas simples y compuestas en Cloud Firestore

Cloud Firestore proporciona una potente funcionalidad de consulta para especificar qué documentos desea recuperar de una colección o grupo de colecciones. Estas consultas también se pueden usar con get() o addSnapshotListener() , como se describe en Obtener datos y Obtener actualizaciones en tiempo real .

Datos de ejemplo

Para comenzar, escriba algunos datos sobre ciudades para que podamos ver diferentes formas de leerlos:

Web version 9

import { collection, doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "SF"), {
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "LA"), {
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "DC"), {
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "TOK"), {
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "BJ"), {
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });

Web version 8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.doc("SF").set({
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
citiesRef.doc("LA").set({
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
citiesRef.doc("DC").set({
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
citiesRef.doc("TOK").set({
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
citiesRef.doc("BJ").set({
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.document("SF").setData([
    "name": "San Francisco",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 860000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("LA").setData([
    "name": "Los Angeles",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 3900000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("DC").setData([
    "name": "Washington D.C.",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 680000,
    "regions": ["east_coast"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("TOK").setData([
    "name": "Tokyo",
    "country": "Japan",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 9000000,
    "regions": ["kanto", "honshu"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("BJ").setData([
    "name": "Beijing",
    "country": "China",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 21500000,
    "regions": ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
    ])
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"San Francisco",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @860000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"norcal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Los Angeles",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @3900000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"socal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Washington D.C.",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @680000,
  @"regions": @[@"east_coast"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Tokyo",
  @"country": @"Japan",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @9000000,
  @"regions": @[@"kanto", @"honshu"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Beijing",
  @"country": @"China",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @21500000,
  @"regions": @[@"jingjinji", @"hebei"]
}];

Java

CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

Map<String, Object> data1 = new HashMap<>();
data1.put("name", "San Francisco");
data1.put("state", "CA");
data1.put("country", "USA");
data1.put("capital", false);
data1.put("population", 860000);
data1.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"));
cities.document("SF").set(data1);

Map<String, Object> data2 = new HashMap<>();
data2.put("name", "Los Angeles");
data2.put("state", "CA");
data2.put("country", "USA");
data2.put("capital", false);
data2.put("population", 3900000);
data2.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
cities.document("LA").set(data2);

Map<String, Object> data3 = new HashMap<>();
data3.put("name", "Washington D.C.");
data3.put("state", null);
data3.put("country", "USA");
data3.put("capital", true);
data3.put("population", 680000);
data3.put("regions", Arrays.asList("east_coast"));
cities.document("DC").set(data3);

Map<String, Object> data4 = new HashMap<>();
data4.put("name", "Tokyo");
data4.put("state", null);
data4.put("country", "Japan");
data4.put("capital", true);
data4.put("population", 9000000);
data4.put("regions", Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"));
cities.document("TOK").set(data4);

Map<String, Object> data5 = new HashMap<>();
data5.put("name", "Beijing");
data5.put("state", null);
data5.put("country", "China");
data5.put("capital", true);
data5.put("population", 21500000);
data5.put("regions", Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"));
cities.document("BJ").set(data5);

Kotlin+KTX

val cities = db.collection("cities")

val data1 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "San Francisco",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 860000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "norcal")
)
cities.document("SF").set(data1)

val data2 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Los Angeles",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 3900000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "socal")
)
cities.document("LA").set(data2)

val data3 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Washington D.C.",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 680000,
        "regions" to listOf("east_coast")
)
cities.document("DC").set(data3)

val data4 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Tokyo",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "Japan",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 9000000,
        "regions" to listOf("kanto", "honshu")
)
cities.document("TOK").set(data4)

val data5 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Beijing",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "China",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 21500000,
        "regions" to listOf("jingjinji", "hebei")
)
cities.document("BJ").set(data5)

Dart

final cities = db.collection("cities");
final data1 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "San Francisco",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": false,
  "population": 860000,
  "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]
};
cities.doc("SF").set(data1);

final data2 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Los Angeles",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": false,
  "population": 3900000,
  "regions": ["west_coast", "socal"],
};
cities.doc("LA").set(data2);

final data3 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Washington D.C.",
  "state": null,
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 680000,
  "regions": ["east_coast"]
};
cities.doc("DC").set(data3);

final data4 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Tokyo",
  "state": null,
  "country": "Japan",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 9000000,
  "regions": ["kanto", "honshu"]
};
cities.doc("TOK").set(data4);

final data5 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Beijing",
  "state": null,
  "country": "China",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 21500000,
  "regions": ["jingjinji", "hebei"],
};
cities.doc("BJ").set(data5);
Java
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures = new ArrayList<>();
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("SF")
        .set(
            new City(
                "San Francisco",
                "CA",
                "USA",
                false,
                860000L,
                Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("LA")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Los Angeles",
                "CA",
                "USA",
                false,
                3900000L,
                Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("DC")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Washington D.C.", null, "USA", true, 680000L, Arrays.asList("east_coast"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("TOK")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Tokyo", null, "Japan", true, 9000000L, Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("BJ")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Beijing",
                null,
                "China",
                true,
                21500000L,
                Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"))));
// (optional) block on documents successfully added
ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();
Pitón
class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0,
                 regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return (
            f'City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )'
        )
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.document(u'BJ').set(
    City(u'Beijing', None, u'China', True, 21500000, [u'hebei']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'SF').set(
    City(u'San Francisco', u'CA', u'USA', False, 860000,
         [u'west_coast', u'norcal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'LA').set(
    City(u'Los Angeles', u'CA', u'USA', False, 3900000,
         [u'west_coast', u'socal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'DC').set(
    City(u'Washington D.C.', None, u'USA', True, 680000,
         [u'east_coast']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'TOK').set(
    City(u'Tokyo', None, u'Japan', True, 9000000,
         [u'kanto', u'honshu']).to_dict())

Python

class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0, regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return f"City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )"
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
await cities_ref.document("BJ").set(
    City("Beijing", None, "China", True, 21500000, ["hebei"]).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("SF").set(
    City(
        "San Francisco", "CA", "USA", False, 860000, ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("LA").set(
    City(
        "Los Angeles", "CA", "USA", False, 3900000, ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("DC").set(
    City("Washington D.C.", None, "USA", True, 680000, ["east_coast"]).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("TOK").set(
    City("Tokyo", None, "Japan", True, 9000000, ["kanto", "honshu"]).to_dict()
)
C++
CollectionReference cities = db->Collection("cities");

cities.Document("SF").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("San Francisco")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(860000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("norcal")})},
});

cities.Document("LA").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Los Angeles")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(3900000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("socal")})},
});

cities.Document("DC").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Washington D.C.")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(680000)},
    {"regions",
     FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("east_coast")})},
});

cities.Document("TOK").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Tokyo")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("Japan")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(9000000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("kanto"),
                                   FieldValue::String("honshu")})},
});

cities.Document("BJ").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Beijing")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("China")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(21500000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("jingjinji"),
                                   FieldValue::String("hebei")})},
});
Nodo.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

await citiesRef.doc('SF').set({
  name: 'San Francisco', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 860000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'norcal']
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').set({
  name: 'Los Angeles', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 3900000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'socal']
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').set({
  name: 'Washington, D.C.', state: null, country: 'USA',
  capital: true, population: 680000,
  regions: ['east_coast']
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').set({
  name: 'Tokyo', state: null, country: 'Japan',
  capital: true, population: 9000000,
  regions: ['kanto', 'honshu']
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').set({
  name: 'Beijing', state: null, country: 'China',
  capital: true, population: 21500000,
  regions: ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
});
Vamos
cities := []struct {
	id string
	c  City
}{
	{
		id: "SF",
		c: City{Name: "San Francisco", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 860000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "norcal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "LA",
		c: City{Name: "Los Angeles", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 3900000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "socal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "DC",
		c: City{Name: "Washington D.C.", Country: "USA",
			Capital: true, Population: 680000,
			Regions: []string{"east_coast"}},
	},
	{
		id: "TOK",
		c: City{Name: "Tokyo", Country: "Japan",
			Capital: true, Population: 9000000,
			Regions: []string{"kanto", "honshu"}},
	},
	{
		id: "BJ",
		c: City{Name: "Beijing", Country: "China",
			Capital: true, Population: 21500000,
			Regions: []string{"jingjinji", "hebei"}},
	},
}
for _, c := range cities {
	if _, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc(c.id).Set(ctx, c.c); err != nil {
		return err
	}
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$citiesRef->document('SF')->set([
    'name' => 'San Francisco',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 860000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'norcal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->set([
    'name' => 'Los Angeles',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 3900000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'socal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->set([
    'name' => 'Washington D.C.',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 680000,
    'regions' => ['east_coast']
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->set([
    'name' => 'Tokyo',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'Japan',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 9000000,
    'regions' => ['kanto', 'honshu']
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->set([
    'name' => 'Beijing',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'China',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 21500000,
    'regions' => ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
]);
printf('Added example cities data to the cities collection.' . PHP_EOL);
Unidad
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
await citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
});
Console.WriteLine("Added example cities data to the cities collection.");
Rubí
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities_ref.doc("SF").set(
  {
    name:       "San Francisco",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 860_000,
    regions:    ["west_coast", "norcal"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("LA").set(
  {
    name:       "Los Angeles",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 3_900_000,
    regions:    ["west_coast", "socal"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("DC").set(
  {
    name:       "Washington D.C.",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    true,
    population: 680_000,
    regions:    ["east_coast"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("TOK").set(
  {
    name:       "Tokyo",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "Japan",
    capital:    true,
    population: 9_000_000,
    regions:    ["kanto", "honshu"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("BJ").set(
  {
    name:       "Beijing",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "China",
    capital:    true,
    population: 21_500_000,
    regions:    ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
  }
)

Consultas simples

La siguiente consulta devuelve todas las ciudades con el estado CA :

Web version 9

// Create a reference to the cities collection
import { collection, query, where } from "firebase/firestore";
const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
const q = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"));

Web version 8

// Create a reference to the cities collection
var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
var query = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA");
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
// Create a reference to the cities collection
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
let query = citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
// Create a reference to the cities collection
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
// Create a query against the collection.
FIRQuery *query = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];

Java

// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");

Kotlin+KTX

// Create a reference to the cities collection
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
val query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")

Dart

// Create a reference to the cities collection
final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
final query = citiesRef.where("state", isEqualTo: "CA");
Java
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Pitón
# Create a reference to the cities collection
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

# Create a query against the collection
query_ref = cities_ref.where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')

Python

# Create a reference to the cities collection
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

# Create a query against the collection
query_ref = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA")
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query_ca =
    cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"));
Nodo.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
const queryRef = citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA');
Vamos
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("state", "==", "CA")
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query state=CA' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
Unidad
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
query.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread((querySnapshotTask) =>
{
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshotTask.Result.Documents)
    {
        Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id));
    } 
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
Rubí
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query state=CA."
end

La siguiente consulta devuelve todas las ciudades capitales:

Web version 9

import { collection, query, where } from "firebase/firestore";
const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

const q = query(citiesRef, where("capital", "==", true));

Web version 8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

var query = citiesRef.where("capital", "==", true);
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
let capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
FIRQuery *capitalCities =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@YES];

Java

Query capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true);

Kotlin+KTX

val capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true)

Dart

final capitalcities =
    db.collection("cities").where("capital", isEqualTo: true);
Java
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("capital", true);
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Pitón
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'capital', u'==', True)

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("capital", "==", True)
C++
Query capital_cities = db->Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo(
    "capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true));
Nodo.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
const allCapitalsRes = await citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true).get();
Vamos
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true)
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query capital=true' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
Unidad
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
query.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread((querySnapshotTask) =>
{
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshotTask.Result.Documents)
    {
        Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id));
    } 
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
Rubí
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query capital=true."
end

ejecutar una consulta

Después de crear un objeto de consulta, use la función get() para recuperar los resultados:

Web version 9

import { collection, query, where, getDocs } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(collection(db, "cities"), where("capital", "==", true));

const querySnapshot = await getDocs(q);
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
  // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
  console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
});

Web version 8

db.collection("cities").where("capital", "==", true)
    .get()
    .then((querySnapshot) => {
        querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
            // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
            console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
        });
    })
    .catch((error) => {
        console.log("Error getting documents: ", error);
    });
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
    .getDocuments() { (querySnapshot, err) in
        if let err = err {
            print("Error getting documents: \(err)")
        } else {
            for document in querySnapshot!.documents {
                print("\(document.documentID) => \(document.data())")
            }
        }
}
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@(YES)]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error getting documents: %@", error);
      } else {
        for (FIRDocumentSnapshot *document in snapshot.documents) {
          NSLog(@"%@ => %@", document.documentID, document.data);
        }
      }
    }];

Java

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<QuerySnapshot> task) {
                if (task.isSuccessful()) {
                    for (QueryDocumentSnapshot document : task.getResult()) {
                        Log.d(TAG, document.getId() + " => " + document.getData());
                    }
                } else {
                    Log.d(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", task.getException());
                }
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { documents ->
            for (document in documents) {
                Log.d(TAG, "${document.id} => ${document.data}")
            }
        }
        .addOnFailureListener { exception ->
            Log.w(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", exception)
        }

Dart

db.collection("cities").where("capital", isEqualTo: true).get().then(
      (res) => print("Successfully completed"),
      onError: (e) => print("Error completing: $e"),
    );
Java
// asynchronously retrieve multiple documents
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> future = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true).get();
// future.get() blocks on response
List<QueryDocumentSnapshot> documents = future.get().getDocuments();
for (DocumentSnapshot document : documents) {
  System.out.println(document.getId() + " => " + document.toObject(City.class));
}
Pitón
# Note: Use of CollectionRef stream() is prefered to get()
docs = db.collection(u'cities').where(u'capital', u'==', True).stream()

for doc in docs:
    print(f'{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}')

Python

# Note: Use of CollectionRef stream() is prefered to get()
docs = db.collection("cities").where("capital", "==", True).stream()

async for doc in docs:
    print(f"{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}")
C++
db->Collection("cities")
    .WhereEqualTo("capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true))
    .Get()
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<QuerySnapshot>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        for (const DocumentSnapshot& document :
             future.result()->documents()) {
          std::cout << document << std::endl;
        }
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error getting documents: " << future.error_message()
                  << std::endl;
      }
    });
Nodo.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');
const snapshot = await citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true).get();
if (snapshot.empty) {
  console.log('No matching documents.');
  return;
}  

snapshot.forEach(doc => {
  console.log(doc.id, '=>', doc.data());
});
Vamos
fmt.Println("All capital cities:")
iter := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true).Documents(ctx)
for {
	doc, err := iter.Next()
	if err == iterator.Done {
		break
	}
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Println(doc.Data())
}
PHP

PHP

Para obtener más información sobre cómo instalar y crear un cliente de Cloud Firestore, consulte Bibliotecas de clientes de Cloud Firestore .

$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$documents = $query->documents();
foreach ($documents as $document) {
    if ($document->exists()) {
        printf('Document data for document %s:' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
        print_r($document->data());
        printf(PHP_EOL);
    } else {
        printf('Document %s does not exist!' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
    }
}
Unidad
Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
  QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = task.Result;
  foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents) {
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id));
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city) {
      Debug.Log(String.Format("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value));
    }

    // Newline to separate entries
    Debug.Log("");
  };
});
C#

C#

Para obtener más información sobre cómo instalar y crear un cliente de Cloud Firestore, consulte Bibliotecas de clientes de Cloud Firestore .

Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = await capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id);
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value);
    }
    Console.WriteLine("");
}
Rubí
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "#{city.document_id} data: #{city.data}."
end

Consulte Obtener datos para obtener más información sobre la recuperación de resultados de consultas. También puede agregar un oyente a una consulta para obtener los resultados actuales y escuchar futuras actualizaciones.

Operadores de consulta

El método where() toma tres parámetros: un campo para filtrar, un operador de comparación y un valor. Cloud Firestore admite los siguientes operadores de comparación:

Por ejemplo:

Web version 9

const stateQuery = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"));
const populationQuery = query(citiesRef, where("population", "<", 100000));
const nameQuery = query(citiesRef, where("name", ">=", "San Francisco"));

Web version 8

const stateQuery = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA");
const populationQuery = citiesRef.where("population", "<", 100000);
const nameQuery = citiesRef.where("name", ">=", "San Francisco");
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
let stateQuery = citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
let populationQuery = citiesRef.whereField("population", isLessThan: 100000)
let nameQuery = citiesRef.whereField("name", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "San Francisco")
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
FIRQuery *stateQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];
FIRQuery *populationQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@100000];
FIRQuery *nameQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"San Francisco"];

Java

Query stateQuery = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");

Kotlin+KTX

val stateQuery = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
val populationQuery = citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000)
val nameQuery = citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco")

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final stateQuery = citiesRef.where("state", isEqualTo: "CA");
final populationQuery = citiesRef.where("population", isLessThan: 100000);
final nameQuery = citiesRef.where("name", isEqualTo: "San Francisco");
Java
Query stateQuery = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Query populationQuery = cities.whereLessThan("population", 1000000L);
Query nameQuery = cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");
Pitón
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

cities_ref.where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')
cities_ref.where(u'population', u'<', 1000000)
cities_ref.where(u'name', u'>=', u'San Francisco')

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA")
cities_ref.where("population", "<", 1000000)
cities_ref.where("name", ">=", "San Francisco")
C++
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"));
cities_ref.WhereLessThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(100000));
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name",
                                     FieldValue::String("San Francisco"));
Nodo.js
const stateQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').get();
const populationQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('population', '<', 1000000).get();
const nameQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco').get();
Vamos
countryQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA")
popQuery := cities.Where("population", "<", 1000000)
cityQuery := cities.Where("name", ">=", "San Francisco")
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$populationQuery = $citiesRef->where('population', '>', 1000000);
$nameQuery = $citiesRef->where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco');
Unidad
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
C#
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
Rubí
state_query      = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"
population_query = cities_ref.where "population", ">", 1_000_000
name_query       = cities_ref.where "name", ">=", "San Francisco"

No igual ( != )

Utilice el operador no igual ( != ) para devolver documentos en los que existe el campo dado y no coincide con el valor de comparación. Por ejemplo:

Web version 9

const notCapitalQuery = query(citiesRef, where("capital", "!=", false));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where("capital", "!=", false);
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
let notEqualQuery = citiesRef.whereField("capital", isNotEqualTo: false)
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
query = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"capital" isNotEqualTo:@NO];

Java

Query notCapitalQuery = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false);

Kotlin+KTX

val notCapitalQuery = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false)

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final notCapitals = citiesRef.where("capital", isNotEqualTo: true);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false);
Pitón
// Snippet not yet available
C++
// Snippet not yet available
Nodo.js
const capitalNotFalseRes = await citiesRef.where('capital', '!=', false).get();
Vamos
// Snippet not yet available
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where('capital', '!=', false);
Unidad
// Snippet not yet available
C#
// Snippet not yet available
Rubí
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
query = cities_ref.where "capital", "!=", false

Esta consulta devuelve todos los documentos de la city en los que existe el campo de capital con un valor distinto de false o null . Esto incluye documentos de la city donde el valor del campo de capital es igual a true o cualquier valor no booleano además de null .

Esta consulta no devuelve documentos de city donde el campo de capital no existe. Las consultas no iguales ( != ) y not-in incluidas excluyen documentos en los que el campo dado no existe .

Un campo existe cuando se establece en cualquier valor, incluida una cadena vacía ( "" ), null y NaN (no un número). Tenga en cuenta que los valores de campo null no coinciden con las cláusulas != , porque x != null se evalúa como undefined .

Limitaciones

Tenga en cuenta las siguientes limitaciones para las consultas != :

  • Solo los documentos donde existe el campo dado pueden coincidir con la consulta.
  • No puede combinar not-in y != en una consulta compuesta.
  • En una consulta compuesta, las comparaciones de rango ( < , <= , > , >= ) y no igual ( != , not-in ) deben filtrarse en el mismo campo.

Membresía de matriz

Puede usar el operador array-contains para filtrar según los valores de la matriz. Por ejemplo:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  
const q = query(citiesRef, where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast"));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast");
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
citiesRef
  .whereField("regions", arrayContains: "west_coast")
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" arrayContains:@"west_coast"];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast")

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final westCoastcities =
    citiesRef.where("regions", arrayContains: "west_coast");
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
Query westCoastQuery = citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");
Pitón
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'regions', u'array_contains', u'west_coast')

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("regions", "array_contains", "west_coast")
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereArrayContains("region", FieldValue::String("west_coast"));
Nodo.js
const westCoastCities = citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains',
  'west_coast').get();
Vamos
query := cities.Where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast").Documents(ctx)
PHP
$containsQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'array-contains', 'west_coast');
Unidad
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query arrayContainsQuery = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("region", "west_coast");
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("Regions", "west_coast");
Rubí
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities = cities_ref.where "regions", "array-contains", "west_coast"

Esta consulta devuelve cada documento de city donde el campo de regions es una matriz que contiene west_coast . Si la matriz tiene varias instancias del valor que consulta, el documento se incluye en los resultados solo una vez.

Puede usar como máximo una cláusula array-contains por consulta. No puede combinar array-contains con array-contains-any .

in , not-in y array-contains-any

Utilice el operador in para combinar hasta 10 cláusulas de igualdad ( == ) en el mismo campo con un OR lógico. Una consulta in devuelve documentos donde el campo dado coincide con cualquiera de los valores de comparación. Por ejemplo:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereField("country", in: ["USA", "Japan"])
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"country" in:@[@"USA", @"Japan"]];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereIn("country", listOf("USA", "Japan"))

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("country", whereIn: ["USA", "Japan"]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));
Pitón
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'country', u'in', [u'USA', u'Japan'])
return query

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("country", "in", ["USA", "Japan"])
return query
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereIn("country", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("USA"),
  FieldValue::String("Japan")
});
Nodo.js
const usaOrJapan = await citiesRef.where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']).get();
Vamos
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("country", "in", []string{"USA", "Japan"}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef->where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Unidad
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
List countriesList = new List<object>() {"USA", "Japan"};

Query whereInQuery = citiesRef.WhereIn("country", countriesList);
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Country", new[] { "USA", "Japan" });
Rubí
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
usr_or_japan = cities_ref.where "country", "in", ["USA", "Japan"]

Esta consulta devuelve todos los documentos de city en los que el campo de country está establecido en USA . UU. o Japan . De los datos de ejemplo, esto incluye los documentos SF , LA , DC y TOK .

not-in

Utilice el operador not-in para combinar hasta 10 cláusulas no iguales ( != ) en el mismo campo con un AND lógico. Una consulta not-in incluida devuelve documentos donde existe el campo dado, no es null y no coincide con ninguno de los valores de comparación. Por ejemplo:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
citiesRef.whereField("country", notIn: ["USA", "Japan"])
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"country" notIn:@[@"USA", @"Japan"]];

Java

citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", listOf("USA", "Japan"))

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("country", whereNotIn: ["USA", "Japan"]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));
Pitón
// Snippet not yet available
C++
cities_ref.WhereNotIn("country", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("USA"),
  FieldValue::String("Japan")
});
Nodo.js
const notUsaOrJapan = await citiesRef.where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']).get();
Vamos
// Snippet not yet available
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where(
    'country',
    \Google\Cloud\Firestore\V1\StructuredQuery\FieldFilter\Operator::NOT_IN,
    ['USA', 'Japan']
);
Unidad
// Snippet not yet available
C#
// Snippet not yet available
Rubí
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
usr_or_japan = cities_ref.where "country", "not_in", ["USA", "Japan"]

Esta consulta devuelve cada documento de city en el que existe el campo de country y no está establecido en USA . UU., Japan o null . De los datos de ejemplo, esto incluye los documentos de London y Hong Kong .

Las consultas not-in incluidas excluyen documentos en los que el campo dado no existe. Un campo existe cuando se establece en cualquier valor, incluida una cadena vacía ( "" ), null y NaN (no un número). Tenga en cuenta que x != null se evalúa como undefined . Una consulta not-in incluida con null como uno de los valores de comparación no coincide con ningún documento.

array-contains-any

Utilice el operador array-contains-any para combinar hasta 10 cláusulas array-contains en el mismo campo con un OR lógico. Una consulta array-contains-any devuelve documentos donde el campo dado es una matriz que contiene uno o más de los valores de comparación:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, 
  where('regions', 'array-contains-any', ['west_coast', 'east_coast']));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains-any',
    ['west_coast', 'east_coast']);
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")
citiesRef.whereField("regions", arrayContainsAny: ["west_coast", "east_coast"])
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"regions" arrayContainsAny:@[@"west_coast", @"east_coast"]];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "east_coast"));

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", listOf("west_coast", "east_coast"))

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef
    .where("regions", arrayContainsAny: ["west_coast", "east_coast"]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query =
    citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "east_coast"));
Pitón
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(
    u'regions', u'array_contains_any', [u'west_coast', u'east_coast']
)
return query

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(
    "regions", "array_contains_any", ["west_coast", "east_coast"]
)
return query
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereArrayContainsAny("region", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
  FieldValue::String("east_coast")
});
Nodo.js
const coastalCities = await citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains-any',
    ['west_coast', 'east_coast']).get();
Vamos
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("regions", "array-contains-any", []string{"west_coast", "east_coast"}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$containsQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'array-contains-any', ['west_coast', 'east_coast']);
Unidad
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
List regionsList = new List<object>() {"west_coast", "east_coast"};

Query arrayContainsAnyQuery = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny("regions", regionsList);
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny("Regions", new[] { "west_coast", "east_coast" });
Rubí
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
costal_cities = cities_ref.where "regions", "array-contains-any", ["west_coast", "east_coast"]

Esta consulta devuelve cada documento de ciudad donde el campo de regions es una matriz que contiene west_coast o east_coast . De los datos de ejemplo, esto incluye los documentos SF , LA y DC .

Los resultados de array-contains-any se desduplican. Incluso si el campo de matriz de un documento coincide con más de uno de los valores de comparación, el conjunto de resultados incluye ese documento solo una vez.

array-contains-any siempre filtra por el tipo de datos de la matriz. Por ejemplo, la consulta anterior no devolvería un documento de ciudad donde, en lugar de una matriz, el campo de las regions es la cadena west_coast .

Puede usar un valor de matriz como valor de comparación para in , pero a diferencia array-contains-any , la cláusula coincide con una coincidencia exacta de la longitud, el orden y los valores de la matriz. Por ejemplo:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, where('regions', 'in', [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('regions', 'in',
    [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]);
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
citiesRef.whereField("regions", in: [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]]);
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"regions" in:@[@[@"west_coast"], @[@"east_coast"]]];

Java

citiesRef.whereIn("regions", Arrays.asList(new String[]{"west_coast"}, new String[]{"east_coast"}));

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereIn("regions", listOf(arrayOf("west_coast"), arrayOf("east_coast")))

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("regions", whereIn: [
  ["west_coast"],
  ["east_coast"]
]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query =
    citiesRef.whereIn(
        "regions", Arrays.asList(Arrays.asList("west_coast"), Arrays.asList("east_coast")));
Pitón
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(
    u'regions', u'in', [[u'west_coast'], [u'east_coast']]
)
return query

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("regions", "in", [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]])
return query
C++
cities_ref.WhereIn("region", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
  FieldValue::String("east_coast")
});
Nodo.js
const exactlyOneCoast = await citiesRef.where('regions', 'in',
    [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]).get();
Vamos
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("regions", "in", [][]string{{"west_coast"}, {"east_coast"}}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'in', [['west_coast'], ['east_coast']]);
Unidad
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Regions",
    new[] { new[] { "west_coast" }, new[] { "east_coast" } });
Rubí
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
exactly_one_cost = cities_ref.where "regions", "in", [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]]

Esta consulta devuelve cada documento de ciudad donde el campo de regions es una matriz que contiene exactamente un elemento de west_coast o east_coast . De los datos de ejemplo, solo el documento DC califica con su campo de regions de ["east_coast"] . Sin embargo, el documento SF no coincide porque su campo de regions es ["west_coast", "norcal"] .

Limitaciones

Tenga en cuenta las siguientes limitaciones para in , not-in y array-contains-any :

  • in , not-in y array-contains-any admiten hasta 10 valores de comparación.
  • Puede usar como máximo una cláusula array-contains por consulta. No puede combinar array-contains con array-contains-any .
  • Puede usar como máximo una cláusula in , not-in o array-contains-any por consulta. No puede combinar estos operadores en la misma consulta.
  • ¡No puedes combinar not-in con not equals != .
  • No puede ordenar su consulta por un campo incluido en una cláusula de igualdad ( == ) o in .

Consultas compuestas

Puede encadenar varios métodos de operadores de igualdad ( == o array-contains ) para crear consultas más específicas ( AND lógico). Sin embargo, debe crear un índice compuesto para combinar operadores de igualdad con los operadores de desigualdad, < , <= , > y != .

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q1 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CO"), where("name", "==", "Denver"));
const q2 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"), where("population", "<", 1000000));

Web version 8

const q1 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CO").where("name", "==", "Denver");
const q2 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", "<", 1000000);
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CO")
    .whereField("name", isEqualTo: "Denver")
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isLessThan: 1000000)
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CO"]
    queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"Denver"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@1000000];

Java

citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000);

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000)

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CO")
    .where("name", isEqualTo: "Denver");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("population", isLessThan: 1000000);
Java
Query chainedQuery1 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");
Pitón
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

denver_query = cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'==', u'CO').where(u'name', u'==', u'Denver')
large_us_cities_query = cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'==', u'CA').where(u'population', u'>', 1000000)

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

denver_query = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CO").where("name", "==", "Denver")
large_us_cities_query = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA").where(
    "population", ">", 1000000
)
C++
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CO"))
    .WhereEqualTo("name", FieldValue::String("Denver"));
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereLessThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(1000000));
Nodo.js
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CO').where('name', '==', 'Denver');
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').where('population', '<', 1000000);
Vamos
denverQuery := cities.Where("name", "==", "Denver").Where("state", "==", "CO")
caliQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA").Where("population", "<=", 1000000)
query := cities.Where("country", "==", "USA").Where("population", ">", 5000000)
PHP
$chainedQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '=', 'CA')
    ->where('name', '=', 'San Francisco');
Unidad
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
C#
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
Rubí
chained_query = cities_ref.where("state", "=", "CA").where("name", "=", "San Francisco")

Puede realizar comparaciones de rango ( < , <= , > , >= ) o no es igual a ( != ) solo en un solo campo, y puede incluir como máximo una cláusula array-contains o array-contains-any en una consulta compuesta :

Válido : filtros de rango en un solo campo

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q1 = query(citiesRef, where("state", ">=", "CA"), where("state", "<=", "IN"));
const q2 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"), where("population", ">", 1000000));

Web version 8

const q1 = citiesRef.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN");
const q2 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", ">", 1000000);
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("state", isLessThanOrEqualTo: "IN")
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000)
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"state" isLessThanOrEqualTo:@"IN"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isGreaterThan:@1000000];

Java

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000);

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000)

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("state", isLessThanOrEqualTo: "IN");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000);
Java
Query validQuery1 =
    cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN");
Query validQuery2 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000);
Pitón
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.where(u'state', u'>=', u'CA').where(u'state', u'<=', u'IN')

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN")
C++
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("IN"));
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereGreaterThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(1000000));
Nodo.js
citiesRef.where('state', '>=', 'CA').where('state', '<=', 'IN');
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').where('population', '>', 1000000);
Vamos
stateQuery := cities.Where("state", ">=", "CA").Where("state", "<", "IN")
populationQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA").Where("population", ">", 1000000)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '>=', 'CA')
    ->where('state', '<=', 'IN');
Unidad
Query rangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("State", "IN");
C#
Query rangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("State", "IN");
Rubí
range_query = cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN")

No válido : filtros de rango en diferentes campos

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, where("state", ">=", "CA"), where("population", ">", 100000));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">", 100000);
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000)
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isGreaterThan:@1000000];

Java

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 100000);

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 100000)

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000);
Java
Query invalidRangeQuery =
    cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 100000);
Pitón
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'>=', u'CA').where(u'population', u'>=', 1000000)

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">=", 1000000)
C++
// BAD EXAMPLE -- will crash the program:
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereGreaterThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(100000));
Nodo.js
citiesRef.where('state', '>=', 'CA').where('population', '>', 1000000);
Vamos
query := cities.Where("state", ">=", "CA").Where("population", ">", 1000000)
PHP
$invalidRangeQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '>=', 'CA')
    ->where('population', '>', 1000000);
Unidad
Query invalidRangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
C#
Query invalidRangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Rubí
invalid_range_query = cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">", 1_000_000)

Consultas de grupos de colecciones

Un grupo de colección consta de todas las colecciones con el mismo ID. De forma predeterminada, las consultas recuperan resultados de una sola colección en su base de datos. Utilice una consulta de grupo de colección para recuperar documentos de un grupo de colección en lugar de una sola colección.

Por ejemplo, puede crear un grupo de colección de landmarks de referencia agregando una subcolección de puntos de referencia a cada ciudad:

Web version 9

import { collection, addDoc } from "firebase/firestore";  

const citiesRef = collection(db, 'cities');

await Promise.all([
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'SF', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
        type: 'bridge'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'SF', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Legion of Honor',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'LA', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Griffith Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'LA', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'The Getty',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'DC', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
        type: 'memorial'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'DC', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'TOK', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Ueno Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'TOK', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'BJ', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Jingshan Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'BJ', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
        type: 'museum'
    })
]);

Web version 8

var citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

var landmarks = Promise.all([
    citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
        type: 'bridge'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Legion of Honor',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Griffith Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'The Getty',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
        type: 'memorial'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Ueno Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Jingshan Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
        type: 'museum'
    })
]);
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

var data = ["name": "Golden Gate Bridge", "type": "bridge"]
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Legion of Honor", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Griffith Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "The Getty", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Lincoln Memorial", "type": "memorial"]
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "National Air and Space Museum", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Ueno Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "National Museum of Nature and Science", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Jingshan Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

NSDictionary *data = @{@"name": @"Golden Gate Bridge", @"type": @"bridge"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Legion of Honor", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Griffith Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"The Getty", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Lincoln Memorial", @"type": @"memorial"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"National Air and Space Museum", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Ueno Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"National Museum of Nature and Science", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Jingshan Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Beijing Ancient Observatory", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Map<String, Object> ggbData = new HashMap<>();
ggbData.put("name", "Golden Gate Bridge");
ggbData.put("type", "bridge");
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(ggbData);

Map<String, Object> lohData = new HashMap<>();
lohData.put("name", "Legion of Honor");
lohData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(lohData);

Map<String, Object> gpData = new HashMap<>();
gpData.put("name", "Griffith Park");
gpData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(gpData);

Map<String, Object> tgData = new HashMap<>();
tgData.put("name", "The Getty");
tgData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(tgData);

Map<String, Object> lmData = new HashMap<>();
lmData.put("name", "Lincoln Memorial");
lmData.put("type", "memorial");
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(lmData);

Map<String, Object> nasaData = new HashMap<>();
nasaData.put("name", "National Air and Space Museum");
nasaData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(nasaData);

Map<String, Object> upData = new HashMap<>();
upData.put("name", "Ueno Park");
upData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(upData);

Map<String, Object> nmData = new HashMap<>();
nmData.put("name", "National Museum of Nature and Science");
nmData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(nmData);

Map<String, Object> jpData = new HashMap<>();
jpData.put("name", "Jingshan Park");
jpData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(jpData);

Map<String, Object> baoData = new HashMap<>();
baoData.put("name", "Beijing Ancient Observatory");
baoData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(baoData);

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

val ggbData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Golden Gate Bridge",
        "type" to "bridge"
)
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(ggbData)

val lohData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Legion of Honor",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(lohData)

val gpData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Griffth Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(gpData)

val tgData = mapOf(
        "name" to "The Getty",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(tgData)

val lmData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Lincoln Memorial",
        "type" to "memorial"
)
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(lmData)

val nasaData = mapOf(
        "name" to "National Air and Space Museum",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(nasaData)

val upData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Ueno Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(upData)

val nmData = mapOf(
        "name" to "National Musuem of Nature and Science",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(nmData)

val jpData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Jingshan Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(jpData)

val baoData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Beijing Ancient Observatory",
        "type" to "musuem"
)
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(baoData)

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

final ggbData = {"name": "Golden Gate Bridge", "type": "bridge"};
citiesRef.doc("SF").collection("landmarks").add(ggbData);

final lohData = {"name": "Legion of Honor", "type": "museum"};
citiesRef.doc("SF").collection("landmarks").add(lohData);

final gpData = {"name": "Griffth Park", "type": "park"};
citiesRef.doc("LA").collection("landmarks").add(gpData);

final tgData = {"name": "The Getty", "type": "museum"};
citiesRef.doc("LA").collection("landmarks").add(tgData);

final lmData = {"name": "Lincoln Memorial", "type": "memorial"};
citiesRef.doc("DC").collection("landmarks").add(lmData);

final nasaData = {
  "name": "National Air and Space Museum",
  "type": "museum"
};
citiesRef.doc("DC").collection("landmarks").add(nasaData);

final upData = {"name": "Ueno Park", "type": "park"};
citiesRef.doc("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(upData);

final nmData = {
  "name": "National Musuem of Nature and Science",
  "type": "museum"
};
citiesRef.doc("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(nmData);

final jpData = {"name": "Jingshan Park", "type": "park"};
citiesRef.doc("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(jpData);

final baoData = {"name": "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "type": "musuem"};
citiesRef.doc("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(baoData);
Java
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

final List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures =
    Arrays.asList(
        cities
            .document("SF")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Golden Gate Bridge");
                    put("type", "bridge");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("SF")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Legion of Honor");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("LA")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Griffith Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("LA")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "The Getty");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("DC")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Lincoln Memorial");
                    put("type", "memorial");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("DC")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "National Air and Space Museum");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("TOK")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Ueno Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("TOK")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "National Museum of Nature and Science");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("BJ")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Jingshan Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("BJ")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Beijing Ancient Observatory");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }));
final List<WriteResult> landmarks = ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();
Pitón
cities = db.collection(u'cities')

sf_landmarks = cities.document(u'SF').collection(u'landmarks')
sf_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Golden Gate Bridge',
    u'type': u'bridge'
})
sf_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Legion of Honor',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
la_landmarks = cities.document(u'LA').collection(u'landmarks')
la_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Griffith Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
la_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'The Getty',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
dc_landmarks = cities.document(u'DC').collection(u'landmarks')
dc_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Lincoln Memorial',
    u'type': u'memorial'
})
dc_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'National Air and Space Museum',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
tok_landmarks = cities.document(u'TOK').collection(u'landmarks')
tok_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Ueno Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
tok_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'National Museum of Nature and Science',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
bj_landmarks = cities.document(u'BJ').collection(u'landmarks')
bj_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Jingshan Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
bj_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
    u'type': u'museum'
})

Python

cities = db.collection("cities")

sf_landmarks = cities.document("SF").collection("landmarks")
await sf_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Golden Gate Bridge", "type": "bridge"})
await sf_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Legion of Honor", "type": "museum"})
la_landmarks = cities.document("LA").collection("landmarks")
await la_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Griffith Park", "type": "park"})
await la_landmarks.document().set({"name": "The Getty", "type": "museum"})
dc_landmarks = cities.document("DC").collection("landmarks")
await dc_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Lincoln Memorial", "type": "memorial"})
await dc_landmarks.document().set(
    {"name": "National Air and Space Museum", "type": "museum"}
)
tok_landmarks = cities.document("TOK").collection("landmarks")
await tok_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Ueno Park", "type": "park"})
await tok_landmarks.document().set(
    {"name": "National Museum of Nature and Science", "type": "museum"}
)
bj_landmarks = cities.document("BJ").collection("landmarks")
await bj_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Jingshan Park", "type": "park"})
await bj_landmarks.document().set(
    {"name": "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "type": "museum"}
)
C++
// This is not yet supported.
Nodo.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

await citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
  type: 'bridge'
});
await citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Legion of Honor',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Griffith Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'The Getty',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
  type: 'memorial'
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Ueno Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Jingshan Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({ 
  name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
  type: 'museum'
});
Vamos
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
)

// collectionGroupSetup sets up a collection group to query.
func collectionGroupSetup(projectID, cityCollection string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	landmarks := []struct {
		city, name, t string
	}{
		{"SF", "Golden Gate Bridge", "bridge"},
		{"SF", "Legion of Honor", "museum"},
		{"LA", "Griffith Park", "park"},
		{"LA", "The Getty", "museum"},
		{"DC", "Lincoln Memorial", "memorial"},
		{"DC", "National Air and Space Museum", "museum"},
		{"TOK", "Ueno Park", "park"},
		{"TOK", "National Museum of Nature and Science", "museum"},
		{"BJ", "Jingshan Park", "park"},
		{"BJ", "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "museum"},
	}

	cities := client.Collection(cityCollection)
	for _, l := range landmarks {
		if _, err := cities.Doc(l.city).Collection("landmarks").NewDoc().Set(ctx, map[string]string{
			"name": l.name,
			"type": l.t,
		}); err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("Set: %v", err)
		}
	}

	return nil
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$citiesRef->document('SF')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Golden Gate Bridge',
    'type' => 'bridge'
]);
$citiesRef->document('SF')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Legion of Honor',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Griffith Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'The Getty',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Lincoln Memorial',
    'type' => 'memorial'
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'National Air and Space Museum',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Ueno Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Jingshan Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
print('Added example landmarks collections to the cities collection.' . PHP_EOL);
Unidad
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
C#
// Copyright(c) 2017 Google Inc.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not
// use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
// the License at
//
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
// WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
// License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under
// the License.

using Google.Cloud.Firestore;
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace GoogleCloudSamples
{
    public class QueryData
    {
        public static string Usage = @"Usage:
C:\> dotnet run command YOUR_PROJECT_ID

Where command is one of
    query-create-examples
    create-query-state
    create-query-capital
    simple-queries
    array-contains-query
    array-contains-any-query
    in-query
    in-query-array
    collection-group-query
    chained-query
    composite-index-chained-query
    range-query
    invalid-range-query
";
        private static async Task QueryCreateExamples(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            await citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
                { "Name", "San Francisco" },
                { "State", "CA" },
                { "Country", "USA" },
                { "Capital", false },
                { "Population", 860000 },
                { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
            });
            await citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
                { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
                { "State", "CA" },
                { "Country", "USA" },
                { "Capital", false },
                { "Population", 3900000 },
                { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
            });
            await citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
                { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
                { "State", null },
                { "Country", "USA" },
                { "Capital", true },
                { "Population", 680000 },
                { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
            });
            await citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
                { "Name", "Tokyo" },
                { "State", null },
                { "Country", "Japan" },
                { "Capital", true },
                { "Population", 9000000 },
                { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
            });
            await citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
                { "Name", "Beijing" },
                { "State", null },
                { "Country", "China" },
                { "Capital", true },
                { "Population", 21500000 },
                { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
            });
            Console.WriteLine("Added example cities data to the cities collection.");
        }

        private static async Task CreateQueryState(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task CreateQueryCapital(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task SimpleQueries(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
            Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
            Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
            QuerySnapshot stateQuerySnapshot = await stateQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in stateQuerySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
            QuerySnapshot populationQuerySnapshot = await populationQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in populationQuerySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Population>1000000", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
            QuerySnapshot nameQuerySnapshot = await nameQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in nameQuerySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Name>=San Francisco", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task ArrayContainsQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("Regions", "west_coast");
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query 'Regions array_contains west_coast'", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task ArrayContainsAnyQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny("Regions", new[] { "west_coast", "east_coast" });
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query 'Regions array_contains_any {{west_coast, east_coast}}'", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task InQueryWithoutArray(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Country", new[] { "USA", "Japan" });
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query 'Country in {{USA, Japan}}'", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task InQueryWithArray(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Regions",
                new[] { new[] { "west_coast" }, new[] { "east_coast" } });
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query 'Regions in {{west_coast}}, {{east_coast}}'", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task CollectionGroupQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            await citiesRef.Document("SF").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Golden Gate Bridge", Type = "bridge" });
            await citiesRef.Document("SF").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Legion of Honor", Type = "museum" });
            await citiesRef.Document("LA").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Griffith Park", Type = "park" });
            await citiesRef.Document("DC").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Lincoln Memorial", Type = "memorial" });
            await citiesRef.Document("DC").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "National Air And Space Museum", Type = "museum" });
            await citiesRef.Document("TOK").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Ueno Park", Type = "park" });
            await citiesRef.Document("TOK").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "National Museum of Nature and Science", Type = "museum" });
            await citiesRef.Document("BJ").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Jingshan Park", Type = "park" });
            await citiesRef.Document("BJ").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Beijing Ancient Observatory", Type = "museum" });

            Query museums = db.CollectionGroup("landmarks").WhereEqualTo("Type", "museum");
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await museums.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot document in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"{document.Reference.Path}: {document.GetValue<string>("Name")}");
            }
        }

        private static async Task ChainedQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
                .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
                .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await chainedQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA and Name=San Francisco", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task CompositeIndexChainedQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
                .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
                .WhereLessThan("Population", 1000000);
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await chainedQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA and Population<1000000", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task RangeQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query rangeQuery = citiesRef
                .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
                .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("State", "IN");
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await rangeQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query CA<=State<=IN", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static void InvalidRangeQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query invalidRangeQuery = citiesRef
                .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
                .WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
        }

        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            if (args.Length < 2)
            {
                Console.Write(Usage);
                return;
            }
            string command = args[0].ToLower();
            string project = string.Join(" ",
                new ArraySegment<string>(args, 1, args.Length - 1));
            switch (command)
            {
                case "query-create-examples":
                    QueryCreateExamples(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "create-query-state":
                    CreateQueryState(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "create-query-capital":
                    CreateQueryCapital(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "simple-queries":
                    SimpleQueries(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "array-contains-query":
                    ArrayContainsQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "array-contains-any-query":
                    ArrayContainsAnyQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "in-query":
                    InQueryWithoutArray(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "in-query-array":
                    InQueryWithArray(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "collection-group-query":
                    CollectionGroupQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "chained-query":
                    ChainedQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "composite-index-chained-query":
                    CompositeIndexChainedQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "range-query":
                    RangeQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "invalid-range-query":
                    InvalidRangeQuery(project);
                    break;

                default:
                    Console.Write(Usage);
                    return;
            }
        }
    }
}
Rubí
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

sf_landmarks = cities_ref.document("SF").collection("landmarks")
sf_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Golden Gate Bridge",
    type: "bridge"
  }
)
sf_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Legion of Honor",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

la_landmarks = cities_ref.document("LA").collection("landmarks")
la_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Griffith Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
la_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "The Getty",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

dc_landmarks = cities_ref.document("DC").collection("landmarks")
dc_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Lincoln Memorial",
    type: "memorial"
  }
)
dc_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "National Air and Space Museum",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

tok_landmarks = cities_ref.document("TOK").collection("landmarks")
tok_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Ueno Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
tok_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "National Museum of Nature and Science",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

bj_landmarks = cities_ref.document("BJ").collection("landmarks")
bj_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Jingshan Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
bj_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Beijing Ancient Observatory",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

Podemos usar la consulta simple y compuesta descrita anteriormente para consultar la subcolección de puntos de landmarks de una sola ciudad, pero es posible que también desee recuperar los resultados de la subcolección de puntos de landmarks de cada ciudad a la vez.

El grupo de colección de landmarks de referencia consta de todas las colecciones con el ID de puntos de landmarks y puede consultarlo mediante una consulta de grupo de colección. Por ejemplo, esta consulta de grupo de colecciones recupera todos los puntos de referencia de museum en todas las ciudades:

Web version 9

import { collectionGroup, query, where, getDocs } from "firebase/firestore";  

const museums = query(collectionGroup(db, 'landmarks'), where('type', '==', 'museum'));
const querySnapshot = await getDocs(museums);
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
    console.log(doc.id, ' => ', doc.data());
});

Web version 8

var museums = db.collectionGroup('landmarks').where('type', '==', 'museum');
museums.get().then((querySnapshot) => {
    querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
        console.log(doc.id, ' => ', doc.data());
    });
});
Rápido
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereField("type", isEqualTo: "museum").getDocuments { (snapshot, error) in
    // ...
}
C objetivo
Nota: este producto no está disponible en los objetivos watchOS y App Clip.
[[[self.db collectionGroupWithID:@"landmarks"] queryWhereField:@"type" isEqualTo:@"museum"]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
    // ...
}];

Java

db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum").get()
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(QuerySnapshot queryDocumentSnapshots) {
                // ...
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum").get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { queryDocumentSnapshots ->
            // ...
        }

Dart

db
    .collectionGroup("landmarks")
    .where("type", isEqualTo: "museum")
    .get()
    .then(
      (res) => print("Successfully completed"),
      onError: (e) => print("Error completing: $e"),
    );
Java
final Query museums = db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum");
final ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = museums.get();
for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Pitón
museums = db.collection_group(u'landmarks')\
    .where(u'type', u'==', u'museum')
docs = museums.stream()
for doc in docs:
    print(f'{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}')

Python

museums = db.collection_group("landmarks").where("type", "==", "museum")
docs = museums.stream()
async for doc in docs:
    print(f"{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}")
C++
// This is not yet supported.
Nodo.js
const querySnapshot = await db.collectionGroup('landmarks').where('type', '==', 'museum').get();
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
  console.log(doc.id, ' => ', doc.data());
});
Vamos
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
)

// collectionGroupQuery runs a collection group query over the data created by
// collectionGroupSetup.
func collectionGroupQuery(w io.Writer, projectID string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	it := client.CollectionGroup("landmarks").Where("type", "==", "museum").Documents(ctx)
	for {
		doc, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("documents iterator: %v", err)
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "%s: %s", doc.Ref.ID, doc.Data()["name"])
	}

	return nil
}
PHP
$museums = $db->collectionGroup('landmarks')->where('type', '==', 'museum');
foreach ($museums->documents() as $document) {
    printf('%s => %s' . PHP_EOL, $document->id(), $document->data()['name']);
}
Unidad
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
C#
Query museums = db.CollectionGroup("landmarks").WhereEqualTo("Type", "museum");
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await museums.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot document in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine($"{document.Reference.Path}: {document.GetValue<string>("Name")}");
}
Rubí
museums = firestore.collection_group("landmarks").where("type", "==", "museum")
museums.get do |museum|
  puts "#{museum[:type]} name is #{museum[:name]}."
end

Antes de utilizar una consulta de grupo de recopilación, debe crear un índice que admita su consulta de grupo de recopilación. Puede crear un índice a través de un mensaje de error, la consola o Firebase CLI .

Para los SDK web y móviles, también debe crear reglas que permitan consultas de su grupo de colección .

Limitaciones de consulta

La siguiente lista resume las limitaciones de consulta de Cloud Firestore:

  • Cloud Firestore brinda soporte limitado para consultas OR lógicas. Los operadores in y array-contains-any admiten un OR lógico de hasta 10 condiciones de igualdad ( == ) o array-contains en un solo campo. Para otros casos, cree una consulta separada para cada condición OR y combine los resultados de la consulta en su aplicación.
  • En una consulta compuesta, las comparaciones de rango ( < , <= , > , >= ) y no igual ( != , not-in ) deben filtrarse en el mismo campo.
  • Puede usar como máximo una cláusula array-contains por consulta. No puede combinar array-contains con array-contains-any .
  • Puede usar como máximo una cláusula in , not-in o array-contains-any por consulta. No puede combinar in , not-in y array-contains-any en la misma consulta.
  • No puede ordenar su consulta por un campo incluido en una cláusula de igualdad ( == ) o in .
  • La suma de filtros, órdenes de clasificación y ruta del documento principal (1 para una subcolección, 0 para una colección raíz) en una consulta no puede exceder 100.

¿Qué sigue?