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Receive Firebase Dynamic Links in a Flutter app

To receive the Firebase Dynamic Links that you created, you must include the Dynamic Links SDK in your app and call the FirebaseDynamicLinks.getDynamicLink() method when your app loads to get the data passed in the Dynamic Link.

  1. Install and initialize the Firebase SDKs for Flutter if you haven't already done so.

  2. From the root directory of your Flutter project, run the following command to install the Dynamic Links plugin:

    flutter pub add firebase_dynamic_links
    
  3. If you're building an Android app, open the Project settings page of the Firebase console and make sure you've specified your SHA-1 signing key. If you use App Links, also specify your SHA-256 key.

Platform integration

Complete the following platform integration steps for the platforms you're building your app for.

Android

On Android, you must add a new intent filter catch deep links of your domain, since the Dynamic Link will redirect to your domain if your app is installed. This is required for your app to receive the Dynamic Link data after it is installed/updated from the Play Store and one taps on Continue button. In AndroidManifest.xml:

<intent-filter>
    <action android:name="android.intent.action.VIEW"/>
    <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT"/>
    <category android:name="android.intent.category.BROWSABLE"/>
    <data
        android:host="example.com"
        android:scheme="https"/>
</intent-filter>

When users open a Dynamic Link with a deep link to the scheme and host you specify, your app will start the activity with this intent filter to handle the link.

Apple platforms

  1. Create an Apple developer account if you don't already have one.

  2. On the Project settings page of the Firebase console, ensure that your iOS app is correctly configured with your App Store ID and Team ID.

  3. On the Apple Developer site, create a provisioning profile for your app with the Associated Domain capability enabled.

  4. In Xcode, do the following:

    1. Open your app under the TARGETS header.

    2. On the Signing & Capabilities page, ensure your Team is registered, and your Provisioning Profile is set.

    3. On the Signing & Capabilities page, enable Associated Domains and add the following to the Associated Domains list:

      applinks:example.page.link
      
    4. On the Info page, add a URL Type to your project. Set the URL Schemes field to your app's bundle ID. (The Identifier can be Bundle ID or whatever you wish.)

    5. If you have set up a custom domain for your Firebase project, add the Dynamic Link URL prefix into your iOS project's Info.plist file using the FirebaseDynamicLinksCustomDomains key.

      <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
      <!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
      <plist version="1.0">
      <dict>
      <key>FirebaseDynamicLinksCustomDomains</key>
      <array>
          <string>https://custom.domain.io/path1</string>
          <string>https://custom.domain.io/path2</string>
      </array>
      
      ...other settings
      
      </dict>
      </plist>
      
    6. Optional: Disable the Dynamic Links SDK's use of the iOS pasteboard.

      By default, the Dynamic Links SDK uses the pasteboard to improve the reliability of post-install deep links. By using the pasteboard, Dynamic Links can make sure that when a user opens a Dynamic Link but needs to install your app first, the user can go immediately to the original linked content when opening the app for the first time after installation.

      The downside of this is that use of the pasteboard triggers a notification on iOS 14 and later. So, the first time users open your app, if the pasteboard contains a Dynamic Link URL, they will see a notification that your app accessed the pasteboard, which can cause confusion.

      To disable this behavior, edit your Xcode project's Info.plist file and set the FirebaseDeepLinkPasteboardRetrievalEnabled key to NO.

To handle a Dynamic Link in your application, two scenarios require implementing.

Terminated State

If the application is terminated, the FirebaseDynamicLinks.getInitialLink method allows you to retrieve the Dynamic Link that opened the application.

This is an asynchronous request, so it makes sense to handle a link before rendering application logic, such as a navigator. For example, you could handle this in the main function:

Future<void> main() async {
  WidgetsFlutterBinding.ensureInitialized();
  await Firebase.initializeApp(options: DefaultFirebaseConfig.platformOptions);

  // Get any initial links
  final PendingDynamicLinkData? initialLink = await FirebaseDynamicLinks.instance.getInitialLink();

  runApp(MyApp(initialLink));
}

Within your application logic, you can then check whether a link was handled and perform an action, for example:

if (initialLink != null) {
  final Uri deepLink = initialLink.link;
  // Example of using the dynamic link to push the user to a different screen
  Navigator.pushNamed(context, deepLink.path);
}

Alternatively, if you wish to identify if an exact Dynamic Link was used to open the application, pass it to the getDynamicLink method instead:

String link = 'https://dynamic-link-domain/ke2Qa';

final PendingDynamicLinkData? initialLink = await FirebaseDynamicLinks.instance.getDynamicLink(Uri.parse(link));

Background / Foreground State

Whilst the application is open, or in the background, you may listen to Dynamic Links events using a stream handler. The FirebaseDynamicLinks.onLink getter returns a Stream containing a PendingDynamicLinkData:

FirebaseDynamicLinks.instance.onLink.listen((dynamicLinkData) {
  Navigator.pushNamed(context, dynamicLinkData.link.path);
}).onError((error) {
  // Handle errors
});